Sunday, December 22, 2019

Drosophila Melanogaster Is The Model Animal Of Choice Essay

The drosophila melanogaster is the model animal of choice due to the fact that they have a short reproduction time. They are sexually active after only two days of emerging from their casing. They then mate and can lay up to hundreds of eggs which take about a week to hatch. This makes them easy test subjects that way different generations can easily be studied. They are inexpensive and require a simple diet of carbohydrates and proteins. They are about 3mm in size, therefore they can easily be seen without a microscope. Drosophila have about 75% of homologues genes of humans this can cause better understanding of mutations that are found. Due to the fact that Drosophila are insects some aspects of the humans can’t be understood. Drosophila melanogaster is the perfect choice for the specific experiment stated because of the many genes that are present and because they have a short life span it is easy to get many offspring in a short amount of time. The genes can ea sily be deleted or moved throughout the embryo of the melanogaster. The experiment also calls for visual effects and with the model organism used one could clearly examine the effects. Due to the quick reproduction cycle of the drosophila melanogaster if a mistake is made and the experiment has to start over then one would not have to wait a long time before there is new offspring to experiment on. Drosophila have approximately 17,000 genes. Of these genes are the segmentation genes which are used toShow MoreRelatedBio X Make Up Work1560 Words   |  7 Pagesediting has been demonstrated to be necessary for proper development and function, but its role is not well understood. The first paper, â€Å"Cis Regulatory Effects on A-to-I RNA Editing in Related Drosophila Species,† compares Adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA Editing between two Drosophila species: D. melanogaster and D. sechellia. 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